It happened on SEPTEMBER 3


Giacomo Della Chiesa (1854-1922) was elected pope, taking the name Benedict XV. In the encyclical Ad beatissimi Apostolorum (1914) he set forth guidelines for the discussion of theological matters not regulated by declarations from the Holy See. In another, more noted encyclical, Spiritus Paraclitus (1921) he addressed the inerrancy and inspiration of Holy Scripture and its relationship with other kinds and sources of knowing. Spiritus Paraclitus reads in part: “As regards matters in which without harm to faith or discipline — in the absence of any authoritative intervention of the Apostolic See — there is room for divergent opinions, it is clearly the right of everyone to express and defend his own opinion. But in such discussions no expressions should be used which might constitute serious breaches of charity; let each one freely defend his own opinion, but let it be done with due moderation, so that no one should consider himself entitled to affix on those who merely do not agree with his ideas the stigma of disloyalty to the faith or to discipline” (DH 3625).

The Rainbow between Science and Religion

Interdisciplinary Encyclopedia of Religion and Science

The Encyclopedia, published by the Centro di Documentazione Interdisciplinare di Scienza e Fede operating at the Pontifical University of the Holy Cross in Rome, provides new, scholarly articles in the rapidly growing international field of Religion and Science (ISSN: 2037-2329).

Anthology and Documents

In order to make some relevant documents better known in the scientific community, the section provides key materials for study and reflection concerning the dialogue among science, philosophy, and theology.