It happened on OCTOBER 31

In 1992, Pope John Paul II presented the results of a commission he had appointed to reexamine the Galileo affair at a plenary gathering of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences. The commission’s goal was pastoral and cultural, inasmuch as, in ecclesial terms, there was no need to “rehabilitate” Galileo. In 1820, the Holy Office had granted the imprimatur to astronomical works that sustained heliocentrism, and in 1757 Galileo’s works had been removed from the Index of Prohibited Books.
Pope Benedict XVI gave a talk at the Pontifical Academy of Sciences on the relationship between creation and evolution, reintroducing the early Christian metaphor of the Book of Nature."

The Interdisciplinary Encyclopedia of Religion and Science (ISSN: 2037-2329), published by the Centro di Documentazione Interdisciplinare di Scienza e Fede operating at the Pontifical University of the Holy Cross in Rome, provides new, scholarly articles in the rapidly growing international field of Religion and Science. Most of these articles were written primarily by European authors and are available here for the first time in English. They offer a unique window into the approaches and perspectives of the European community toward what has become a field of immense cultural significance throughout the world. Each article provides a very readable and comprehensive summary of what is currently being discussed in religion and science on specific topics as well as how these topics have been discussed historically.


In order to make certain documents better known in the scientific community, the Anthology and Documents section provides key materials for study and reflection concerning the dialogue among science, philosophy, and theology. It includes scientists’ essays, masterpieces on the history of science, works of philosophers and theologians, and documents from ancient, medieval, and Renaissance authors, as well as Sacred Scripture and official documents of the Catholic Church and other Christian churches.