Baruch Spinoza was born in Amsterdam. Jewish born and raised, he was banned from the synagogue in 1656 for his heterodox ideas. He developed a rationalist philosophy that would have a great impact on succeeding ages, lending itself to both pantheistic and materialistic philosophies. In order to understand the moral content of Sacred Scripture, he proposed applying philological principles to biblical texts; he also proposed applying a rationalist critique to the possibility of miracles.
The Interdisciplinary Encyclopedia of Religion and Science (ISSN: 2037-2329), published by the Centro di Documentazione Interdisciplinare di Scienza e Fede operating at the Pontifical University of the Holy Cross in Rome, provides new, scholarly articles in the rapidly growing international field of Religion and Science. Most of these articles were written primarily by European authors and are available here for the first time in English. They offer a unique window into the approaches and perspectives of the European community toward what has become a field of immense cultural significance throughout the world. Each article provides a very readable and comprehensive summary of what is currently being discussed in religion and science on specific topics as well as how these topics have been discussed historically.
In order to make certain documents better known in the scientific community, the Anthology and Documents section provides key materials for study and reflection concerning the dialogue among science, philosophy, and theology. It includes scientists’ essays, masterpieces on the history of science, works of philosophers and theologians, and documents from ancient, medieval, and Renaissance authors, as well as Sacred Scripture and official documents of the Catholic Church and other Christian churches.