It happened on AUGUST 5


Friedrich Engels died in London. He was a German philosopher, economist, politician, and science historian. He collaborated with Karl Marx in drafting The Communist Manifesto (1848). Engels applied the dialectical laws elaborated by Marxism to explain the historical development of human society in terms of the evolution of matter and life. This led to his work Dialectic of Nature, which he worked on from 1873 to 1885 and was published posthumously in the Soviet Union in 1925. The ideological position of materialism ends in applying to matter and nature a good number of the attributes that theological and philosophical reflection associate with God as a foundation of the real. If certain properties attributed to matter, such as its being the origin of all things and that to which all things return, are to hold up philosophically and not just be ideological positions, the problem of matter’s contingency must be addressed; it must also be explained how historical development is, definitively, as Engles maintained it was, a movement of teleological progress and not a process of general and chaotic corruption.

The Rainbow between Science and Religion

Interdisciplinary Encyclopedia of Religion and Science

The Encyclopedia, published by the Centro di Documentazione Interdisciplinare di Scienza e Fede operating at the Pontifical University of the Holy Cross in Rome, provides new, scholarly articles in the rapidly growing international field of Religion and Science (ISSN: 2037-2329).

Anthology and Documents

In order to make some relevant documents better known in the scientific community, the section provides key materials for study and reflection concerning the dialogue among science, philosophy, and theology.