It happened on JULY 4


Guido Grandi died in Pisa Guido Grandi. Religious camaldolese and mathematician, he was also a professor of mathematics at the University of Pisa. It deals with studies on conical and widespread in Italy calculus.


Giovanni Virginio Schiaparelli died in Milan. He was director of the Brera Observatory in Milan, significantly enhancing its instruments by installing a 50 cm Mertz refractor telescope that for many years was the biggest Italian telescope. He was noted for his observations of Mars, upon whose surface he detected the existence of structures he called “canals,” which were later shown to be natural configurations of Mar’s orography. He also took part, as a scientist who entertained the possibility, in a debate about the possibility of extraterrestrial life. In May of 1909, he wrote: “How is it not possible that a science like astronomy is not favorable to religion, since the study of astronomy can lead one to unceasing homage to the Supreme wisdom that governs the world? In astronomy, every discovery is a new hymn of marvel and adoration that arises from every soul having the capacity for the great and the beautiful” (quoted by H. Muschalek, Dio e gli scienziati, Roma 1972, p. 389).

The Rainbow between Science and Religion

400° Anniversary of Galileo Galilei’s Letter to Madame Christina of Lorraine (1615)

The full text of the Letter
The Notion od Scientific Proof in Galileo’s Letter to Christina, from “The Rethoric of Proof in Galileo’s Writings on the Copernican System” (1985), by Jean Dietz Moss

Interdisciplinary Encyclopedia of Religion and Science

The Encyclopedia, published by the Centro di Documentazione Interdisciplinare di Scienza e Fede operating at the Pontifical University of the Holy Cross in Rome, provides new, scholarly articles in the rapidly growing international field of Religion and Science (ISSN: 2037-2329).

Anthology and Documents

In order to make some relevant documents better known in the scientific community, the section provides key materials for study and reflection concerning the dialogue among science, philosophy, and theology.