The German mathematician Georg Cantor was born in St. Petersburg. In 1862, he entered the Federal Polytechnic Institute in Zurich, eventually becoming a member of the mathematics department. At the death of his father, he left Zurich for Berlin where, in addition to his mathematical interests, he began to study philosophy and theology, two disciplines he would pursue for the rest of his life. He is considered one of the founders of set theory. He is also credited with systemizing various notions of infinity, differentiated as: a) that which is potentially infinite, undetermined, and capable of incremental increase; b) transfinite or relative actual infinity, determined, and capable of incremental increase; and c) absolute actual infinity, determined, and incapable of incremental increase. He noted that this last notion of infinity does not belong to mathematics but rather can only be predicated of a notion of God within the metaphysical realm.
The Encyclopedia, published by the Centro di Documentazione Interdisciplinare di Scienza e Fede operating at the Pontifical University of the Holy Cross in Rome, provides new, scholarly articles in the rapidly growing international field of Religion and Science (ISSN: 2037-2329).
In order to make some relevant documents better known in the scientific community, the section provides key materials for study and reflection concerning the dialogue among science, philosophy, and theology.