It happened on JULY 21

1575

Francesco Maurolico died in Messina. He was a Benedictine monk and a mathematician. He studied mathematics, astronomy, and introduced for the first time the principle of mathematical induction. He reconstructed and translated several works as following: Conic by Apollonius of Perga, Spherical by Theodosius of Bithynia and Phenomena by Euclid. Called the second Archimedes, whom he revisited the works on problems infinitesimal, he also wrote a work on optics lens, describing the operation of the camera obscura.

1925

In Dayton (Tennessee), the biology teacher John T. Scopes was fined 100 dollars for teaching evolution in class. It was the beginning of a series of legal battles in the United States between, on the one hand, those who supported a literal interpretation of scripture (creationists), which posits the simultaneous creation of all species, and, on the other hand, those who support biological evolution. A proper understanding of Christian creation differs from the creationism of fundamentalist groups while being in harmony with the thought of the Church Fathers and the theological tradition that maintains a harmonious arrangement between the role of God as creator and the role of the laws of nature, and even of chance, including the causality of genetic mutations, as intended by Darwinian evolution.

 

400 years from the Discovery of Kepler's Third Law

Kepler's Third Law and the "Harmonices Mundi" by Alessandro Giostra (2018)

Suggested Readings:

Kepler's View on Biblical Exegesis in "Astronomia Nova" (1609)

Astronomy and Speculation into the Celestial Harmonies (1619)

Prayers to God Creator in "Harmonies of the World" (1619)


Interdisciplinary Encyclopedia of Religion and Science

The Encyclopedia, published by the Centro di Documentazione Interdisciplinare di Scienza e Fede operating at the Pontifical University of the Holy Cross in Rome, provides new, scholarly articles in the rapidly growing international field of Religion and Science (ISSN: 2037-2329).


Also supported by a 
Templeton World Charity Foundation donation
    

Anthology and Documents

In order to make some relevant documents better known in the scientific community, the section provides key materials for study and reflection concerning the dialogue among science, philosophy, and theology.

Special Issues

We offer here a selection of Comments and Documents on special issues on Religion and Science, collected for anniversaries and/or for the relevance of the topics.