It happened on MARCH 2


Eugenio Pacelli was elected pope, taking the name Pius XII. He addressed the Pontifical Academy of Sciences on a number of occasions, giving a variety of interdisciplinary talks. One particular talk that he gave on November 22, 1951 stirred up quite a reaction. In it he seemed to link the theological notion of creation with growing scientific evidence of the Big Bang theory. A few months later in 1952, at the Assembly of the International Astronomical Union, he gave another talk that softened his original statement, portraying any link between the two as more symbolic.

The interplanetary spacecraft Pioneer 10 was launched toward Jupiter from Cape Canaveral, Florida. It was the first spacecraft to be fitted with a plaque that featured a design of the solar system, significant mathematical symbols, and the images of a man and woman.

The Human Factor in Science

Readings on the Human Factor in Science: an approach to Scientific Humanism, an introduction by G. Tanzella-Nitti

The scientific experience of knowledge, by E. Cantore (1977) 

On the intellectual passion in scientific research, by M. Polaniy (1958) 

The two supreme elements in human progress, by R. A. Millikan (1950) 

Humanism and humanity, by Th. Dobzhansky (1967) 

Science as a culture: A critical appreciation, by C. N. R. Rao (2002) 

From the INTERS articles: E. Cantore, Science, The Humanistic Significance of


Interdisciplinary Encyclopedia of Religion and Science

The Encyclopedia, published by the Centro di Documentazione Interdisciplinare di Scienza e Fede operating at the Pontifical University of the Holy Cross in Rome, provides new, scholarly articles in the rapidly growing international field of Religion and Science (ISSN: 2037-2329). INTERS is a free online encyclopedia.

Anthology and Documents

To emphasize and spread relevant documents within the scientific community, this section provides key materials concerning the dialogue among science, philosophy and theology.


Special Issues

We offer here a selection of comments and documents on special issues in Religion and Science, collected for anniversaries and/or for the relevance of the topics.